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Guterres: We are facing the largest series of crises and 90% of Africans are waiting for the Corona vaccine


UN Secretary-General António Guterres said at the opening session of the 76th session of the UN General Assembly: “I am here to sound the alarm. The world must wake up. We are on the brink and moving in the wrong direction. Our world has never been more threatened, or more so. Divided, we are facing the biggest series of crises of our lives, and the COVID-19 pandemic has transcended stark disparities.”


Guterres added: “The climate crisis is hitting the planet. The turmoil from Afghanistan to Ethiopia to Yemen and beyond has frustrated peace,” noting that rising mistrust and misinformation are polarizing people and paralyzing societies, and human rights are under fire.


And Guterres continued: "Science is under attack, and the economic lifelines of the most vulnerable are coming a little and too late - if it comes at all. Solidarity is missing at work - only when we need it most. On the other hand, we see vaccines developed in record time - a victory for science and creativity." The human."


"Most rich countries have been vaccinated," Guterres said. "More than 90% of Africans are still waiting for their first dose. This is a moral indictment of the state of our world."


Guterres added: “Climate scientists are telling us that it is not too late to maintain the 1.5 degree target of the Paris Climate Agreement, we need a 45 per cent reduction in emissions by 2030. However, a recent United Nations report made clear that with current national climate commitments, Emissions will rise 16% by 2030, which would judge us to rise in temperatures no less than 2.7 degrees above pre-industrial levels - a disaster. At the same time, the OECD reports a gap of at least 20 A billion dollars in basic climate finance and promises to developing countries, we're weeks away from the United Nations climate conference in Glasgow, but it looks like we're light years away from achieving our goals.


Guterres noted: “Covid-19 and the climate crisis have revealed profound fragility as societies and a planet, but instead of humility in the face of these epic challenges, we see arrogance, rather than a path of solidarity, we are at a dead end towards destruction, at the same time they see billionaires traveling into space. While millions are starving on earth.


Presenting my report on our common agenda the way I did, Guterres said it provides a 360-degree analysis of the state of our world, with 90 specific recommendations that address today's challenges and advance pluralism in the future.


Our common agenda is based on the Charter of the United Nations, the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, and the Paris Climate Agreement.


We must bridge the peace divide. For many around the world, peace and stability remain a distant dream. In Afghanistan, we must strengthen humanitarian assistance and defend human rights, especially the rights of women and girls.


In Ethiopia, where we call on the parties to immediately cease hostilities, ensure humanitarian access and create conditions for the start of an Ethiopian-led political dialogue, in Myanmar, where we reaffirm our unwavering support for the people in their pursuit of democracy, peace, human rights and the rule of law.


In the Sahel, where we are committed to mobilizing international assistance for regional security, development and governance, in places like Yemen, Libya and Syria, where we must overcome stalemate and push for peace.


In Israel and Palestine, where we urge leaders to resume meaningful dialogue, recognizing the two-state solution as the only way to achieve a just and comprehensive peace, in Haiti and many other places left behind, we stand in solidarity at every step out of the crisis.


At the same time, it will be impossible to meet the enormous economic and development challenges while the world's two largest economies are at odds with each other.


We need to invest in prevention, peacekeeping and peacebuilding, Guterres said. We need to make progress on nuclear disarmament and in our joint efforts to combat terrorism, we need actions grounded in respect for human rights. We need a new comprehensive agenda for peace.


"We need more ambition on financing - meaning that developing countries finally see the promised $100 billion annually for climate action, full mobilization of the resources of both the international financial institutions and the private sector as well and more ambition on adaptation - which means developed countries deliver on their promise," he added. By providing reliable support to developing countries to build their resilience to save lives and livelihoods.


This means that 50 percent of all climate finance provided by developed countries and multilateral development banks should be allocated to adaptation.


“The African Development Bank set the standard in 2019 by allocating half of its climate funding to adaptation, and some donor countries have followed suit,” Guterres said. “Everyone should do so, saying, 'My message to every member state is: Don't wait for others to make the first move.'” Do your part."


Guterres continued: “We must bridge the gap between rich and poor, within and between countries, and that begins with ending the epidemic for everyone everywhere. from 2022.


This plan can be implemented by an emergency task force consisting of current and potential vaccine producers, the World Health Organization, ACT Accelerator partners, and international financial institutions, working with pharmaceutical companies. We have no time to waste.


Unbalanced recovery deepens inequalities Richer countries could reach pre-pandemic growth rates by the end of this year While the effects could last for years in low-income countries, advanced economies invest nearly 28 percent of their GDP in economic recovery, for For middle-income countries, this figure drops to 6.5 percent, down to 1.8 percent for least developed countries - a fraction of a much smaller amount.


In sub-Saharan Africa, the International Monetary Fund projects cumulative per capita economic growth over the next five years to be 75 percent lower than the rest of the world.


I welcome the IMF's issuance of $650 billion in SDRs, but these SDRs go largely to the countries that need it most, the advanced economies should reallocate their surplus SDRs to countries in need and that the SDRs Own is not a panacea.


But it does provide space for sustainable recovery and growth, and I renew my call for a reformed and fairer international debt structure.


Guterres called, "The debt service suspension initiative should be extended until 2022 and it should be available to all highly indebted, middle-income and heavily indebted countries that request it.


Through effective international solidarity, it will be possible at the national level to forge a new social contract that includes universal health coverage and income protection, decent housing and work, quality education for all, and an end to discrimination and violence against women and girls.


I call on countries to reform their tax systems and finally end tax evasion, money laundering and illicit financial flows, and as we look forward, we need a better system to prevent and prepare for all major global risks. We must support the recommendations of the Independent Panel on Epidemic Preparedness and Response.


I have made a number of other proposals on our joint agenda - including the contingency platform and the futures lab.

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