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Know the long-term side effects of chemotherapy

Chemotherapy is the most common form of cancer treatment, and it uses powerful drugs to slow the growth of cancer cells, and the short-term side effects of chemotherapy are hair loss and nausea, while the long-term side effects, also called the lesser-known effects, usually appear after the end of chemotherapy, and the effects of chemotherapy vary. According to the individual, the type of cancer and the type of chemotherapy drug used, according to a report for the Healthline website.

The potential long-term effects of chemotherapy

Cognitive difficulties

One of the short and long-term side effects of chemotherapy is mental confusion, often referred to as chemo brain, and includes problems with memory, concentration and multitasking, in some cases these cognitive challenges persist for several years after the treatment is completed.

Hearing problems

Some chemotherapy drugs can cause hearing problems in the long term.

Heart problems

Chemotherapy may lead to high blood pressure and heart disease, including arrhythmias, cardiomyopathy, congestive heart failure, carotid artery disease, coronary heart disease, damaged heart valves, pericarditis, pericardial fibrosis, and a risk of developing a heart problem. After chemotherapy is greater for those over the age of 65 who have received higher doses of some drugs.

Lung problems

Some chemotherapy drugs have been associated with lung conditions such as pneumonia, and pneumonia causes symptoms such as chest tightness, difficulty breathing and fatigue.

Nerve damage

A number of chemotherapy drugs can damage the nervous system. A common symptom of nerve damage is pain, and this pain is more likely to persist if you have other medical conditions that put you at risk, such as diabetes.


Chemotherapy drugs can weaken bones and this condition is called osteoporosis.